Nginx日志写入Kafka

一、简介

方案

  • Nginx module:编译集成第三方kafka相关模块,可直接将日志发送到kafka
  • Nginx + 第三方应用:结合第三方应用将Nginx日志发送到kafka
    • tail | kafkacat ———> kafka
    • rsyslog ———> kafka
    • Nginx stdout | k8s 第三方operator ———> kafka

二、Nginx module -> kafka

openssl_version=1.1.1 && \
nginx_version=1.18.0 && \
mkdir compile-dir && cd compile-dir && \
curl -s -# https://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-$openssl_version.tar.gz | tar zxf - -C ./ && \
curl -s -# https://nginx.org/download/nginx-$nginx_version.tar.gz | tar zxf - -C ./ && \
cd nginx-$nginx_version && \
./configure \
  --prefix=/opt/nginx-1.18.0 \
  --user=nginx \
  --group=nginx \
  --modules-path=/opt/nginx-1.18.0/modules \
  --sbin-path=/opt/nginx-1.18.0/sbin/nginx \
  --error-log-path=/opt/nginx-1.18.0/logs/error.log \
  --http-log-path=/opt/nginx-1.18.0/logs/access.log \
  --conf-path=/opt/nginx-1.18.0/conf/nginx.conf \
  --pid-path=/opt/nginx-1.18.0/nginx.pid \
  --lock-path=/opt/nginx-1.18.0/nginx.lock \
  --with-pcre \
  --with-openssl=../openssl-1.1.1 \
  --with-http_stub_status_module \
  --with-http_realip_module \
  --with-http_addition_module \
  --with-http_sub_module \
  --with-http_dav_module \
  --with-http_flv_module \
  --with-http_mp4_module \
  --with-http_gunzip_module \
  --with-http_gzip_static_module \
  --with-http_random_index_module \
  --with-http_secure_link_module \
  --with-http_stub_status_module \
  --with-http_auth_request_module \
  --with-http_xslt_module=dynamic \
  --with-http_image_filter_module=dynamic \
  --with-http_geoip_module=dynamic \
  --with-http_image_filter_module \
  --with-http_v2_module \
  --with-http_slice_module \
  --with-threads \
  --with-stream \
  --with-stream_ssl_module \
  --with-stream_ssl_preread_module \
  --with-stream_realip_module \
  --with-stream_geoip_module=dynamic \
  --with-mail \
  --with-mail_ssl_module \
  --with-compat && \
make && \
make install

参考:

三、tail | kafkacat -> kafka

参考:

四、nginx -> rsyslog -> kafka

1、Prerequisite

  • Nginx >= v1.7.1 (之后才支持 syslog 的方式处理日志)
  • Rsyslog >= v8.7.0 (数据需要通过 Rsyslog 的 omkafka 模块写入到 Kafka,omkafka 在 Rsyslog 的 v8.7.0+ 版本才支持)
  • rsyslog的omkafka模块rsyslog-kafka已安装

2、rsyslog配置

vi /etc/rsyslog.dc/rsyslog_nginx_kafka_cluster.conf

module(load="imudp")
input(type="imudp" port="514")

# nginx access log ==> rsyslog server(local) ==> kafka
module(load="omkafka")

template(name="nginx-rsyslog-kafka" type="string" string="%msg%")

if $inputname == "imudp" then {
    if ($programname == "nginx-rsyslog") then
        action(type="omkafka"
            template="nginx-rsyslog-kafka"
            broker=["localhost:9092"]
            topic="test"
            partitions.auto="on"
            confParam=[
                "socket.keepalive.enable=true"
            ]
        )
}

:rawmsg, contains, "nginx-rsyslog" ~

启动rsyslog

rsyslogd

3、Nginx配置

http {
    log_format json_log '{ "@timestamp": "$time_iso8601", '
                           '"app": "$app", '
                           '"remote_addr": "$remote_addr", '
                           '"referer": "$http_referer", '
                           '"request": "$request", '
                           '"status": $status, '
                           '"bytes": $body_bytes_sent, '
                           '"agent": "$http_user_agent", '
                           '"x_forwarded": "$http_x_forwarded_for", '
                           '"up_addr": "$upstream_addr",'
                           '"up_host": "$upstream_http_host",'
                           '"up_resp_time": "$upstream_response_time",'
                           '"request_time": "$request_time",'
                           '"server_name": "$server_name",'
                           '"x-zz-app-info": "$http_x_zz_app_info"'
                        ' }';
  server {
      listen       80;
      server_name  localhost;
      # set $app test;
      # access_log  /var/log/nginx/host.access.log  json_log;
      access_log syslog:server=localhost,facility=local7,tag=nginx-rsyslog,severity=info main;

      location / {
          root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
          index  index.html index.htm;
      }
  }

4、测试

nginx的日志 ———> rsyslog —————> Kafka

wrk -t10 -c500 -d30s --latency http://127.0.0.1:80

30.1秒发送了38861个请求,QPS大约1291,Transfer/sec: 1.05MB

nginx的日志 ————> 本地文件

wrk -t10 -c500 -d30s --latency http://127.0.0.1:80

30.07秒发送了115156个请求,QPS大约3829,Transfer/sec: 3.10MB

nginx的日志通过网络发送到rsyslog再到Kafka,比落盘形成文件,QPS小了三倍。同时压测完成到所有日志进kafka有15秒延迟

因素

  • 网络消耗
  • 磁盘性能可能导致kafka写入慢

参考

五、Nginx stdout -> k8s 第三方operator-> kafka

参考:

Copyright Curiouser all right reserved,powered by Gitbook该文件最后修改时间: 2021-04-14 16:20:22

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